Research scientist East Malling (England) Leaf Scar Pruning Trials
Hort + Research Earnscleugh - Bennies Focus Orchard Report
Year 1: Thin out current seasons wood.
Year 2: Prune between the new extention growth and second seasons wood.
With leaf scar pruning the flowers are set before the vigor phase, 12 days.
Year 3: note: lateral extensions grow through the bud cluster.